Our Archaeology Branch is responsible for keeping the National Register of Archaeological and Traditional Sites, curating the national collections of pre-historical materials, carrying out archaeological research and publishing the results of that research, and mounting exhibits or other educational programs to educate our people about the prehistory of Papua New Guinea.

It is also responsible in enforcing the National Cultural Property Preservation Act and acts as the regulator for archaeological heritage management in the country in light of the National Museum & Art Gallery Act and the Environment Act.